Regular Issue of 1898
Fifteen Cent - Henry Clay
#284P2a Small Die Proof (right) was a small die proof produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for display by the Post Office Department at the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915, in San Francisco, California.
This stamp is part of the first issue produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Prior stamps were produced by private firms under contract to the government.
Known as the "Great Compromiser," Henry Clay was a principal figure in U.S. politics in the first half of the 19th century. He moved from Virginia to Kentucky in 1797, quickly rose in that state's politics, and was speaker of the state assembly in 1807. He won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1811.
In Washington, as a spokesman for the West, he was a leader of the "war hawks", seeking war against Britain in 1812. In 1820, he was instrumental in devising the Missouri Compromise, which settled a dispute over the extension of slavery into the western territory.
His first attempt at the presidency was in 1824, when he threw his support to John Quincy Adams--and was named secretary of state--in a four-man contest. The furor caused by this move led to Adams losing to Andrew Jackson in the next presidential election. In 1831, Clay was elected a senator from Kentucky and led the opposition to Jackson. He ran against Jackson in 1832 in a losing effort.
Following several disappointments in the early 1840s, Clay resigned from the Senate in 1842. He returned to the Senate in 1849 and helped persuade Congress to accept the Compromise of 1850 concerning slavery in the Southwest. The compromise kept the Union together for an additional decade.
In January, 1898, the color of the 1-cent stamp was changed to green and in March, 1898, that of the 5-cents to dark blue in order to conform to the colors assigned to these values by the Universal Postal Union. The colors of the 10c and 15c denominations in order to avoid confusion.
When the color of the 5-cent stamp was changed from brown to blue in 1898, the 15-cent was issued in olive green on watermarked paper to prevent confusion. Only about fifteen million copies were issued. The 15-cent stamp, which depict U.S Senator and Representative Henry Clay (Ky), were commonly used as payment for multiples of the 5-cent U.P.U. rate.
227, 259, 274, Guam 10, Phil 218, Phil 218a
The Series of 1894.
- Other Stamps of 1898 -
# 285-293 Trans-Mississippi Exposition Series of 1898
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