Regular Issue of 1898
Five Cent - President Ulysses S. Grant
#282P2a Small Die Proof (right) was a small die proof produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for display by the Post Office Department at the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915, in San Francisco, California.
Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States. Prior to Grant's presidency, President Lincoln then named him commander in chief of all the Federal armies. Ending the Civil War by his acceptance of Robert E. Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House. Following the war, Grant was promoted to full general and also served as interim secretary of war after President Andrew Johnson suspended Edwin M. Stanton in 1867.
Grant won the Republican nomination for president in 1868, and won the election. In office, he pushed for the unconditional readmission of Virginia to the Union. His hard-money policy pleased banking and business interests and helped him win reelection in 1872. During that term he was able to block the attempts Gould and James Fisk to corner the gold market.
After leaving office he again failed in business. Terminally ill, he wrote his memoirs to get his family out of debt. They not only brought considerable income to the family, but have become an American classic.
In January, 1898, the color of the 1-cent stamp was changed to green and in March, 1898, that of the 5-cents to dark blue in order to conform to the colors assigned these values by the Universal Postal Union. These changes necessitated changing the colors of the 10c and 15c denominations in order to avoid confusion.
Five cents postage would pay the Universal Postal Union Rate for a half-ounce letter from the United States to any signatory nation anywhere in the world during the lifetime of the First Bureau Printings. The 5-cent stamp was printed to pay this rate.
The first two printings were produced in brown colors, duller than the 4-cent stamp and the third printing was in dark blue. The unwatermarked printings are found in a vertical format, imperforate horizontally. This error is extremely rare. This stamp is fun to collect on cover to the more exotic destinations of the U.P.U. signatory countries.
Scott's: 255, 270, Cuba 225, Guam 5, Phil 216, P.R. 212 (Porto Rico).
- Other Stamps of 1898 -
# 285-293 Trans-Mississippi Exposition Series of 1898
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