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1898 - Stamps by Year

Regular Issue of 1898

One Cent - Benjamin Franklin
Issued January 25, 1898
#279 is the one cent issue of the Regular Series of 1898-1903.

279 Series of 1898Small Die Proof 279p2a Series of 1898

#279P2a Small Die Proof (right) was a small die proof produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for display by the Post Office Department at the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915, in San Francisco, California.

- Stamp Design Subject -

The design Features Benjamin Franklin, who was among many other things one of the United State's founding fathers; a statesman, an inventor and our first Post Master General.

In 1898 the colors of many of the regularly issued stamps, the designs of 1894, were changed to conform with the colors assigned by the Universal Postal Union.  The one cent stamp was changed to green in January. Scott's #264 is the design's original issue in blue.

Issues in this design are sometimes referred to as the "Baby Banknotes and Triangles" 

- Technical Data -
Scott #:
279
Title:
Benjamin Franklin
Series:
Series of 1898.
Issue Date:
January 25, 1898
Denomination:
Location:
 
Perforation:
12
Size (design):
 
Color(s)
Deep Green, Dark Yellow Green, Yellow Green, Green
Printing Method:
Intaglio
Orientation:
Plates for the 1897-1903 issue were of two sizes:
400 subjects for the 1c and 2c denominations; 200 subjects for all 4c, 5c, 6c and 15c denominations; and both 400 and 200 for the 10c denomination; all issued in panes of 100 each.
Printings from the 400 subject plates show the watermark reading horizontally, on the 200 subject plate printings the watermark reads vertically.
Printer:
Bureau or Printing and Engraving
WaterMark:
Double Line USPS (#191)
Known Plate #s:
439-441
446
452
493-496
526-529
534-549
564-575
766-773
794-797
810-813
818-833
846-849
862-947
952-979
984-987
992-995
1000-1007
1012-1023
1028-1031
1042-1045
1050-1053
1058-1065
1130-1133
1146-1149
1157-1164
992-995
1183-1186
1188-1191
1204-1207
1209-1212
1050-1053
1287-1290
1303-1306
1315-1318
1328-1331
992-995
1340-1343
1376-1379
1392-1411
1420-1427
1453-1460
1469-1472
1485-1488
1501-1508
No. Issued:
5,200,000,000
Earliest Documented Use:
January 31, 1898.
:
.
Cancellations:
Cuba, China, Philippines, Puerto Rico.
Major variants:
279a (Verticle watermark error)

The 1-cent Franklin stamp was first printed in 1894 in ultramarine on unwatermarked paper. Uneven inking of the plates and the moisture content of the paper at the time of printing resulted in many shades of the ultramarine color, so soon after the introduction of the 1-cent ultramarine, the color was changed to blue. Like its predecessor, the 1-cent blue is found in many shades, which are easily distinguishable from the ultramarine shades. A 1-cent stamp with triangles in ultramarine can be readily identified as the 1894 printing.

In 1895 the Bureau of Engraving and Printing used a watermarked paper for production this issue. Due to the same color the only way to differentiate between the 94 and 95 isses is by watermark. The watermark is positioned as such that at least a portion of one of the letters U, S, or P can found on every 1895 stamp.

To assist postal workers in all countries signatory to the Universal Postal Union in identifying stamps of equal postage value, the 1-cent stamp color was changed from blue to green in 1898. The Bureau continued printing the stamp on the same watermarked paper, however. The 1-cent stamp paid primarily the domestic third-class rate and the domestic postal card rate. It was also used in multiples or in combination with other stamps to pay other rates.

- Identification guides for this issue -

 

- Related Stamps of interest -

Scott #
Denom
Details
# 246
Ultramarine, unwmkd
# 247
Blue, unwmkd
# 264
Blue, wmkd.
# 279
Deep-Green, wmkd.
Cuba 221
1¢ on 1¢
Yellow-Green, “CUBA”
Guam 1
Deep green, “GUAM”
Phil. 213
Yellow-Green, “PHILIPPINES”
P. R. 210
Yellow-Green, “PORTO RICO” .
P. R. 215
Yellow-Green, “PUERTO RICO”

- Other Stamps of 1898 -

1898 Trans-Mississippi Series.

Regular Issues:

Scott#
Denom
Color
Subject
For the two cent stamp, see Scott 279B, (1897)
Rose Brown
Lilac Brown
Orange Brown
Dark Blue
Lake, Claret
Purple Lake
10¢
Brown
10¢
Orange
Daniel Webster (Type II)
15¢
Olive

Commemorative Issues:

# 285-293 Trans-Mississippi Exposition Series of 1898

Scott#
Denom
Subject
# 285
"Marquette", is based on a painting by Lamprecht.
# 286
"Farming in the West", is based on a photograph.
# 287
"Indian hunting buffalo", is based on an engraving in Schoolcraft's history of the Indian tribes.
# 288
"Fremont on the Rocky Mountains", is based on an old engraving.
# 289
"Troops guarding train", is based on a drawing, by Frederic Remington.
# 290
10¢
"Hardships of emigration", is based on a painting, by A. G. Heaton.
# 291
50¢
"Mining prospector", a drawing, by Frederic Remington.
# 292
$1.00
"Cattle in a storm", is based on a painting, by J. MacWhirter.
# 293
$2.00
"Mississippi River Bridge at St. Louis", is based on photograph.

Special Delivery:
None were issued in 1898

Postage Dues:
None were issued in 1898

-Articles -

 

- Literature Of Interest -

 

- Links -

Photo Gallery - Photos of additional examples, conditions and variants of this stamp

 

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