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1847 - Stamps by Year

Regular Issue of 1847

Ten Cent - George Washington
Issued July 1, 1847

#2 is the ten cent issue of the Regular Series of 1847.

Scott #2 - 1847 10 cent WashingtonScott #2 - 1847 10 cent Washington


- Stamp Design Subject -

The design features George Washington, who was among many other things one of the United State's founding fathers and served two terms as the first President of the United States of America. He turned down a third term just as he rejected the notion of his becoming King when America gain it's independance.

- Technical Data -
Scott #:
2
Title:
George Washington
Series:
Series of 1847.
Issue Date:
July 1, 1847 - July 2, 1847 (NYC), July 3, 1847 (Boston)
Denomination:
10¢
Location:
New York City
Perforation:
Imperf
Size (design):
18½ x 23 mm
Color(s)
Black, Greenish Black, Gray B
Printing Method:
Intaglio
Orientation:
200 subject plates in 2 panes of 100 in a 10x10 format
Printer:
Rawdon, Wright, Hatch, and Edson Bank Note Company of New York City
Paper:
Thin, bluish, woven, gummed
WaterMark:
None
Known Plate #s:
It is believed that only one plate was used.
No. Issued:

891,000 (1847-1851)
Per Geo. Brett, (below): 4,400,000 5¢ stamps were printed in five press runs. 688,000 stamps were destroyed when the stamps were demonetized in 1851.

Earliest Documented Use:
July 7, 1847
Engraver:
.Asher Brown Durand
Cancellations:
 
Major variants:
#4 (reprint),
Vertical line through the 2nd "F" of "OFFICE" pos. 69R1;
Bisects (paying the rate);
One short transfer at top and several double transfers;
"Stick-pin in tie" variety pos. 52L1

A four year contract was issued to The New York City bank note engraving firm of Rawdon, Wright, Hatch, and Edson to print the first American postage stamps. Note the initials: "RWH&E" are engraved at the bottom of both stamps. It is apparent that the firm did creat new designs for the stamps. They reused engravings by Asher Brown Durand. According to Brazer, the identical Durand engravings of Franklin on the five-cent stamp, Scott #1, was used for a $2.00 bank note (Chemical Bank of New York), and Washington on the ten-cent stamp, Scott #2, was used for a $5.00 bank note (Fairfield County Bank of Connecticut). The vignettes from the dies used to make these bank notes were reused to make the dies for the stamp designs.

The 5 and 10 cent 1847 issue stamps were originally proposed as bi-color stamps. As a security measure, early submissions from RWH&E show the denominations overprinted in red. At the time, this measure was used to thwart counterfeiters of paper money but the government determined that it would be too expensive so the stamps were issued in one color. The five-cent in various shades of brown and the ten-cent in black.

In 1851, when the contract with Rawdon, Wright, Hatch, and Edson came to an end, the government issued a request for proposals for the next series of stamps. At that time the stamps of 1847 were demonetized. As of July 1, 1851, the stamps of 1847 were no longer accepted for use as postage.

There is some confusion as to whether more than one plate was used to print the five-cent stamp. Elliott Perry by proving that only one plate of 200 subjects for the ten-cent was used.

It is uncertian if RWH&E destroyed the dies and plates used. In 1875, the re-issues of all of the previous U.S. stamps were made, new dies weremade for the stamps of 1847. These "Special Printings" are easy to itentify. Many collectors contend that they should not have been assigned the Scott catalog numbers of #3 and #4, as "special printings of 1875, they were not the third and fourth postage stamps produced for the US Post Office.

- Identification guides for this issue -

  Identifying Scott #2, varients, reprints and special printings

- Related Stamps of interest -

  #4   #948   #1474   #3140a

- Regular Issues -

Scott#
Denom
Color
Subject
Red Brown

- Other Stamps of 1847 -

None were issued in 1847
The first Postage Due Stamps were issued in 1879
The first Special Delivery Stamps were issued in 1885

-Articles -

The First U.S. Issues: #1 and #2

- Literature Of Interest -

2010 Scott U.S. Specialized The 1847 U.S. Issue Stamps, by Frank Goodwin (1913)
A Historical Catalog of U.S. Stamp Essays & Proofs - The 1847 Issue, by Clarence W. Brazer (1947)
Ten Decades Ago, 1840-1850: A Study of the Work of Rawdon, Wright, Hatch and Edson, by Winthrop Boggs (1949)
The 1847 Issue, by Harvey Mirsky - The U.S. Specialist (March 2006)
The 5¢ and 10¢ General Issue of 1847, by Wade Saadi - American Philatelist (March 1997)
The 10¢ 1847 Issue, Mekeel's Reference Manual
The First United States Issue, by John F. Dunn - U.S. Stamp News (May-Jun, 2000)
The Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Volume 1, by Lester Brookman (1966)
The United States 1847 Issue - A Cover Census, by Thomas J. Alexander (2001 USPCS)
United States Letter Rates to Foreign Destinations - 1847 to GPU - UPU (1872) by Charles J. Starnes (1982)
Colors:
Reexamining the 1847 Colors by Calvet Hahn (1986)
The Encyclopedia of the Colors of United States Postage Stamps - Volume 1 Issues of 1847-1868, by Roy H. White (1981)
Design dimensions:
The Postage Stamps of the United States, John Luff (1902 and 1937)
Identification:
Identification Guide to US Postage Stamps - Regular Issues 1847-1934, By Charles N. Micarelli (1979, 2006)
Postal History:
Great Covers: The 1847 Issue, by John F. Dunn - U.S. Stamp News (Jan-Feb, 2001)
The United States 1847 Issue: A Cover Census by Thomas J. Alexander (2006)
Plating:
Notes on the plating of the 10¢ stamp were published by Elliott Perry in the Collector's Club Philatelist from 1924-1926. Perry's plating of this stamp is considered one of the great milestone's in the hobby.
Quantities issued:
Updating the U.S. 1847's on Their 150th Anniversary: Beginning, Production, Ending, by George Brett - 63rd American Philatelic Congress

- Links -

Photo Gallery - Photos of additional examples, conditions and variants of this stamp

 

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