History & Reference - Coney's Stamps

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U.S. History

There are a lot of things to consider during the course of a stamp collectors "Philatelic career". What to collect, the purpose & goals of the collection, How to display or store the collection, protection, tools and supplies, where to find information and help. And the list goes on from there.

Many of us started out collecting as kids but some start out later in life. An estimate 20 million people collect stamps in the United States. The reasons and the methods are as varied as there are collectors numerous.

The purpose of this Web site and in particular this section is to help collectors of all age ranges, social standing and budget make the most of their collection, resources at hand and benefit from the knowledge and experience of other collectors.

We will continually update and add new information so please check back often. If you see an area that we're missing information for and would like to contribute some material or write articles about please view the SME page and Contact us.

Please check the menu at the top right hand side of the page, there you'll find links to sections and articles of interest to all collectors; beginners, intermediate, experienced and experts alike.

 

Event
Description
Start
End
U.S. invades Iraq .
3/20/2003
Space Shuttle Columbia crashes .
2/1/2003
Department of Homeland Security created .
11/19/2002
Former President Jimmy Carter wins Nobel Peace Prize .
10/11/2002
Winter Olympics open in Salt Lake City, Utah .
2/8/2002
2/24/2002
Anthrax scare hits the U.S. presumed to be another attempt at terror attacks
10/10/2001
U.S. and British forces launch air strikes against the Taliban and al Qaeda .
10/7/2001
Terror attacks in the U.S. Planes crash into the World Trade Center, Pentagon, and in Pennsylvania
9/11/2001
George W. Bush is president of the United States of America .
2000
Internet bubble bursts .
2000
 Michael Jordon retires from the NBA  
1998
100th Olympiad in Atlanta, Georgia .
1996
Galileo spacecraft arrives on Jupiter .
1996
US launches Discovery Shuttle .
1995
North American Free Trade Agreement ratified .
1994
Martin Luther King's birthday observed in all 50 states for the first time .
1993
World Trade Center bombed .
1993
Intel introduces first Pentium chip   Runs at 60 MHz
1993
Bill Clinton is President of the United States of America .
1992
 Johnny Carson's final appearance as Host of The Tonight Show .
1992
Persian Gulf War between U.S. and Iraq .
1990
1991
Doh! First Simpson's episode airs .
1989
U.S. troops sent to Panama .
1989
1989
Iron Curtain cracks End of Cold War
1989
Bush elected president in U.S. .
1988
U.S. Space shuttle Challenger explodes .
1986
First CD players  .
1982
Reagan elected president in U.S. .
1980
Star Wars .
1977
Punk Rock .
1977
Carter elected president in U.S. .
1976
Nixon resigns; Ford becomes president in U.S. .
8/9/1974
1976
Watergate Affair begins Political espionage and cover-up tied to the Nixon presidency
1972
Neil Armstrong first man to walk on moon .
7/21/1969
Nixon elected president in U.S. .
1968
Senator Robert F. Kennedy assassinated .
1968
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated Leader of non-violent equal rights movement
1968
Beatles on Ed Sullivan Show .
1964
Civil Rights Act Prohibited discrimination based on race, creed, color, and religion
1964
Johnson elected president in U.S. .
1964
24th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution Prohibited the use of poll taxes in elections and primaries
1964
Kennedy, U.S. president, assassinated; Johnson takes over .
1963
Cuban Missile Crisis .
1962
Joseph Heller: "Catch-22" .
1961
Kennedy elected president in U.S. .
1960
Barry Gordy starts Motown Records .
1959
Hawaii becomes 50th state of the U.S. .
1959
NASA established by U.S. .
1958
International Atomic Energy Agency established .
1957
First earth satellites launched U.S.S.R. launches Sputnik I and II
1957
Heartbreak Hotel, Elvis Presley .
1956
Vietnam War .
1955
1973
Segregation in public schools deemed illegal U.S. Supreme Court rules that segregation by color in public schools violates the 14th Amendment
1954
Eisenhower elected president in U.S. .
1952
H-bomb tests in Pacific Truman announces H-bomb tests in the Pacific
1952
22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Limited the number of presidential terms that could be held
1951
Korean War .
1950
Tennessee Williams:"A Streetcar Named Desire" Receives Pulitzer Prize for Drama
1947
New York is declared permanent UN headquarters .
1946
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development .
1945
United Nations is formed .
1945
Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombed by U.S. .
1945
Allies evacuate troops from France .
1944
D-Day Allied forces land in Normandy
1944
Rationing begins in U.S. for WWII Shoe rationing begins in U.S., followed by rationing of meat, cheese, fats, and all canned foods
1943
Enrico Fermi (U.S.) splits the atom .
1942
Manhattan Project began development of the A-bomb .
1941
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor .
12/7/1941
Films of Gone with the Wind and Wizard of Oz .
1939
World War II  1941 - U.S. Enters the war
1939
1945
Amelia Earhart lost on Pacific flight .
1937
First Superman comic .
1933
The New Deal Franklin D. Roosevelt's economic plan to counteract effects of the Great Depression.
1933
21st Amendment repeals prohibition .
1933
Roosevelt becomes president in U.S. .
1932
Star-Spangled Banner written words by Francis Scott Key
1931
Great Depression in the U.S. .
1929
Black Friday in U.S. U.S. stock exchange collapses on Oct. 28
10/28/1929
Inter-American Treaty of Arbitration  .
1929
Life of Andy Warhol .
1928
1987
Hoover elected president in U.S. .
1928
1932
First television broadcast First broadcasts by WGY, Schenectady, N. Y.
1928
The Jazz Singer, first talkie .
1927
Pan-American Treaty signed to prevent conflicts between nations
1924
Coolidge elected president in U.S. .
1924
1928
In Paris the League of Nations formed .
1920
Harding elected president in U.S. .
1920
1924
Prohibition throughout U.S. 18th Amendment
1920
19th Amendment Gave American women the vote
1920
Global influenza epidemic kills over 20 million people .
1918
Pancho Villa raids U.S. Francisco "Pancho" Villa, Mexican revolutionary general, crosses border with guerrillas and raids Columbus
1916
First transcontinental telephone call Call between Alexander Graham Bell in New York and Dr. Thomas A. Watson in San Francisco
1915
Federal Trade Commission created .
1914
World War I Armistice signed between Allies and Germany Nov. 11th; Germany fleet surrenders
1914
1918
U.S. Federal Reserve System established .
1913
Sixteenth Amendment Provides Congress the authority to levy taxes
1913
Federal Reserve Act created a decentralized banking system governed by a Federal Reserve Board
1913
Seventeenth Amendment Specified the process for electing U.S. Senators
1913
Wilson elected president in U.S. .
1912
Taft becomes president in U.S. .
1909
1912
NAACP formed Organization devoted to improving the living conditions of African Americans
1909
Panama canal built .
1907
1914
Wright brothers' first flight Orville and Wilbur Wright successfully fly a powered airplane
1903
Coal strike in U.S. .
1902
Life of Louis Armstrong .
1901
1971
McKinley, U.S. president, assassinated .
1901
Roosevelt becomes president in U.S. .
1901
Morgan forms U.S. Steel .
1901
Boxer uprising and rebellion Chinese nationalist uprising against foreigners and Chinese Christians
1900
McKinley reelected president in U.S. .
1900
U.S. declares war on Spain Treaty of Paris ends war
1898
McKinley elected president in U.S. .
1896
1900
Pullman Strike Rail workers strike Pullman Palace Car Company over wage dispute 
1894
Republic of Hawaii declared .
1894
Homestead Strike Pinkerton detectives fire on striking iron-workers, resulting in city-wide riots
1892
Cleveland reelected president in U.S. .
1892
Battle at Wounded Knee .
1890
Atlanta Compromise proposed Booker T. Washington proposes that African Americans strive for equality through education
1890
Sherman Silver Purchase Act Issued Treasury notes based on U.S. purchased silver bullion
1890
McKinley Tariff Placed largest ever tariffs on imports
1890
Harrison elected president in U.S. .
1888
1892
Interstate Commerce Act Authorized the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission
1887
American Federation of Labor Several labor unions join together for better working conditions
1886
Cleveland elected president in U.S. .
1884
1888
Chinese Exclusion Act U.S. bans Chinese immigrants
1882
Sitting Bull surrenders Sitting Bull returned to the U.S. and was imprisoned for the murder of Colonel George Armstrong Custer
1881
Garfield, U.S. president, assassinated .
1881
1881
Garfield elected president in U.S. .
1880
1881
Phonograph invented by Edison .
1877
Battle of Little Bighorn .
1876
Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell .
1876
Fifteenth Amendment ratified Prohibited racial discrimination in voting
1870
Transcontinental railroad completed .
1869
Vanderbilt begins railroad empire in U.S. .
1869
Johnson, U.S. president, impeached and acquitted .
1868
Grant elected president in U.S. .
1868
Fourteenth Amendment Declared African Americans Citizens of the U.S. and prohibited state laws that denied equal protection under the law
1868
Lee surrenders to Grant .
1865
Lincoln, president of U.S., assassinated .
1865
13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Abolishes slavery
1865
Battle of Gettysburg .
1863
Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln declares all slaves free
1863
Pacific Railway Act Combined the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads for the construction of a transcontinental Railroad
1862
Telegraph wires span U.S. .
1861
U.S. Civil War .
1861
1865
Abraham Lincoln elected president in U.S. Causes S. Carolina to secede from the Union
1860
A Tale of Two Cities written by Charles Dickens .
1859
On the Origins of Species by Natural Selection published by Charles Darwin .
1859
Suez Canal constructed Artificial waterway in Egypt that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the gulf of Suez 
1859
Dred Scott v. Sandford U.S. Supreme Court ruled that African Americans were not U.S. citizens and that a previous ban on slavery was unconstitutional
1857
Buchanan elected president in U.S. .
1856
Pottawatomie Massacre Massacre of slavery supporters by Anti-slavery advocate John Brown
1855
Uncle Tom's Cabin written by Harriet Beecher Stowe .
1852
Moby Dick written by Herman Melville .
1851
U.S. Compromise of 1850 Congress effort to settle several outstanding slavery issues and to avert the threat of dissolution of the Union. 
1850
California enters the Union .
1850
Taylor elected president in U.S. .
1848
California Gold Rush begins .
1848
Mexican-U.S. war ends Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo ends Mexican-U.S. war
1848
Republic of California declared .
1847
Texas enters the Union .
1845
Polk elected president in U.S. .
1844
China and U.S. sign first peace and commerce treaty .
1844
Tyler succeeds Harrison as president in U.S. .
1841
Harrison elected president in U.S. .
1840
First baseball game Abner Doubleday conducts first baseball game ever played in Coopers Town, New York
1839
Trail of Tears A Forced exodus of Cherokee from their homeland where a quarter of the population died from starvation, disease, and exposure
1838
Electric telegraph exhibition Samuel Morse exhibits electric telegraph at College of the City of New York
1837
Martin Van Buren elected president in U.S. .
1836
1840
Republic of Texas proclaimed .
1836
Texas wins independence from Mexico Becomes a republic.  Sam Houston become first president.
1836
National Trades' Union First nationwide labor union
1834
Congress passes Removal Act Forced the removal and resettlement of Native American tribes beyond the Mississippi
1830
Mormon religion founded .
1830
Andrew Jackson elected president in U.S. .
1828
1836
John Quincy Adams elected president in U.S. .
1824
Erie Canal built Artificial waterway that links Lake Erie in Buffalo, New York to the Hudson River in Albany, New York
1824
1825
Monroe Doctrine James Monroe's declaration of U.S. policy on European activities and rights in the western hemisphere
1823
Second Great Awakening  Period of religious revival for Christians 
1820
1850
Transcontinental Treaty Signed Forced Spain to cede Florida to the United States
1819
Peace of Ghent signed Ended War of 1812 between Britain and U.S.
1814
Hartford Convention Assembly called to protest the War of 1812
1814
Creek War War incited by England between the Creek tribe and the United States during the American Revolution
1813
War of 1812 U.S. declares was on Britain
1812
1815
National Road begun Also called Cumberland Road, this road extends 800 miles from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois
1811
Battle of Tippecanoe .
1811
Macon's Bill Number Two Measure that discouraged British and French interference with U.S. commerce
1810
Lewis and Clark begin expedition in western U.S. .
1804
U.S. purchases Louisiana .
1803
Tripoli declares war on U.S. .
1801
Jefferson elected president in U.S. .
1800
1809
Alien and Sedition Acts passed in U.S. .
1798
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions .
1798
Two-party system develops in U.S. .
1796
Adams elected president in U.S. .
1796
1801
Tennessee enters the Union .
1796
Treaty of Greenville Settlement with Native Americans that opened the Ohio valley to settlement
1795
Pinckney's Treaty Treaty with Spain that gave Mississippi navigation rights to U.S.
1795
Battle of Fallen Timbers Final battle that led to the Treaty of Greenville and the settling of the Ohio valley
1794
Whiskey Rebellion Series of uprisings against a federal excise tax on whiskey
1794
Cotton gin invented by Eli Whitney .
1793
Bank of U.S. is chartered .
1791
Bill of Rights adopted in U.S. .
1791
Washington elected first president of U.S. .
1789
1796
United State of America established .
1788
Constitutional Convention meets Revised the Articles of Confederation into the U.S. Constitution
1787
Russians settle in Aleutian Isles .
1785
Land Ordinance of 1785 Established Jefferson's plan for U.S. land policy
1785
Economic depression in U.S. .
1784
Treaty of Paris signed Formally ends the American Revolution
1783
British surrender to American colonies in Yorktown .
1781
Articles of Confederation drafted in America .
1777
1788
Winter at Valley Forge .
1777
American victories at Trenton and Princeton .
1776
Declaration of Independence in America .
1776
Second Continental Congress Established the first Congress to represent the colonies
1775
George Washington appointed commander of Continental Army .
1775
American Revolutionary War .
1775
1781
Battles of Lexington and Concord in America .
1775
Battle of Bunker Hill .
1775
First Continental Congress Assembly of 50 colonial delegates from 12 colonies to consider a Declaration of Rights and Grievances and ban all trade with Britain
1774
Boston Tea Party .
1773
English Parliament passes Tea Act, resulting in the Boston Tea Party More taxes on the American colonies.
1773
Boston Massacre .
1770
Circular Letter sent throughout the colonies Letter written by John Adams to protest the Townshend Acts
1767
Stamp Act To tax American colonies
1765
1766
Sons of Liberty formed The creation of a secret patriotic society to oppose the Tax Act
1765
Amendment of British Sugar Act To tax American colonies
1763
French fortify Ohio Valley .
1752
Enlightenment in America .
1750
State of Georgia established .
1733
Tuscarora War Tuscarora War in N. Carolina; Indians kill 200 settlers
1711
Inhabitants of the Palatinate emigrate to N. America 14,000 inhabitants emigrate
1709
Slave-trading Asiento Guinea Company founded Slave trade between Africa and America
1702
Delaware becomes a colony .
1702
English-French conflict in New World colonies .
1689
1763
First German immigrants in N. America .
1683
French colonial empire is organized Reaches from Quebec to mouth of Mississippi River
1680
Bacon's Rebellion erupts Virginia farmers rise against colonial authorities who had neglected to protect them from Native American raids.
1676
England takes over New York & New Jersey .
1664
N. American colony of New France formed Colbert forms N. Amer. Colony of New France into a province with Quebec as capital
1663
Bible translated into Algonquin John Eliot translates the Bible into Algonquin (First Amer. Bible edition)
1661
First Thanksgiving in the Americas .
1621
Mayflower Compact First Colonial agreement that created a government by the people.
1620
Pilgrims leave Plymouth, England Pilgrim Fathers leave in the "Mayflower" for N. America
1620
First representative colonial assembly in America Held at Jamestown, Va.
1619
First Africans brought to America .
1619
Founding of Jamestown, VA First English Settlement on American mainland
1607
beginnings of slave trade Proposal that each Spanish settler bring certain number of Negro slaves to New World
1509
Martin Luther ordained Leader of Protestant movement
1507
Cabot explores America .
1497
Columbus discovers America .
1492
Vikings sail to America .
1000
Leif Eriksson discovered America  Leif Eriksson, son of Eric the Red, is supposed to have discovered America (Nova Scotia)
1000
First Viking colonies established in Greenland by Eric the Red .
982
Vikings discover Greenland .
900